Whether it’s a data breach, theft or a cyber attack, nations are facing constant threats to their networks. As a result, governments worldwide are implementing cybersecurity policies to combat rising cyber crime.
Cybersecurity threats are a growing concern around the world, as businesses and government agencies are hit with data breaches and cyber attacks on a large scale.
Governments are noticing the severity of cyber threats to businesses, citizens, and national security, and responding with legislative action.
How Nations Are Targeting Cyber Crime
Governments are responding to threats in various ways, including establishing national cybersecurity centers to oversee operations.
In the U.S., President Obama introduced the Cybersecurity National Action Plan to boost security efforts.
To find out more about what the U.S. is doing to fight cyber crime, explore our article, Cybersecurity and Its Role in Government.
Here are some key initiatives nations are implementing in their cybersecurity policies.
Working with Businesses and Organizations
Governments are increasingly putting pressure on businesses to improve security. Citizens’ data and national security are put at risk when companies are breached.
The United Kingdom (U.K.) recently passed a new cybersecurity policy that invests $2.3 billion over the next five years in cybersecurity. The strategy calls for companies to improve security to mitigate risk to the public and government organizations. However, the U.K. government also plans to lead by example.
“Well, our strategy is to use government as a guinea pig for all the measures we want to see done at national scale,” wrote Dr. Ian Levy, the U.K.’s National Cyber Security Centre technical director. “We’ll be eating our own dog food to prove the efficacy of the measures we’re asking for, and prove they scale sensibly before asking anyone else to implement anything.”
In India, where there has been a 350 percent increase in cyber crime, a policy implemented in 2013 calls for the government to create financial incentives for businesses to adopt the nation’s cybersecurity standards.
Improving Cyber Defense
A core element of most countries’ cybersecurity policies is protecting their networks and systems from attacks. This includes defending critical infrastructure and combatting nation-state cyber threats.
Australia, which had the most cybersecurity incidents in the world in 2015, passed a cybersecurity strategy in April that calls for jointly operated cyber threat sharing centers and an online cyber threat sharing portal to improve intelligence, analytics and response capabilities.
China, which has the most restrictive internet policy in the world, passed a controversial cybersecurity policy in November with even more restrictions. However, the nation says it’s needed to protect its networks.
“China is an internet power, and as one of the countries that faces the greatest internet security risks, it urgently needs to establish and perfect network security legal systems,” said Yang Heqing, an official of China’s National People’s Congress.
Investing in Innovation
Innovation is another critical aspect of information assurance. Many nations are investing in research and development so cybersecurity professionals have better tools to detect attacks.
Australia created the Cyber Security Research Growth Centre to help businesses develop products and services to respond to the evolving challenges of fighting cyber crime.
The U.K. will launch two cyber innovation centers to develop products and companies, investing more than $200 million in research and development.
Training More Cybersecurity Professionals
Much like in the U.S., there is a shortage of qualified cybersecurity professionals globally. Governments realize they must invest in education and training to develop a strong cybersecurity workforce for the future.
“We lack, some say, 80,000 cyber literate workers in Japan at a minimum,” said William Saito, a special adviser to the prime minister of Japan on cyber issues. “Not only are we losing competitiveness, efficiency, but obviously the intellectual property (IP) that we lose via theft. Thus, it is a huge concern that we need to put immediate attention towards.”
India is hoping to create a workforce of 500,000 highly trained cybersecurity professionals by 2018. Australia is attempting to address the need through its Academic Centers of Cybersecurity Excellence, in which it is investing AU$4.5 million.
Throughout the world, nations are not only investing in cybersecurity, but setting policies that emphasize research and development, information sharing and, most of all, the education and training of cybersecurity professionals to help deter cyber crime.
How do you think governments should address cyber crime? Learn how you can take a role in the future of cyber policy with an advanced cybersecurity education.